Marcionism Study of the Hebrew scripturesalong with received writings circulating in the nascent Church, led Marcion to conclude that many of the teachings of Jesus were incompatible with the actions of Yahwehthe belligerent god of the Hebrew Bible.
Irenaeus concocted his own biography to include a link and allegiance to Polycarpa supposed leader of the Asian sect called the Johannines. Marcion was born toward the end of the first century in Sinope, a city in Pontus, on the southern coast of the Black Sea.
Rhodo and Tertullianyoung men in Marcion's old age, described him as a "mariner" and a "ship-master," respectively.
Marcion made a donation ofsesterces to the Church in Rome. The former, "Creator God," held mankind in a deceitful grasp from which the "Redeemer God" sought, through the mission of Jesus, to save him. According to Harnack, the sect may have led other Christians to introduce a formal statement of beliefs into their liturgy see Creed and to formulate a canon of authoritative Scripture of their own, thus eventually producing the current canon of the New Testament.
His canon of the New Testamentin contrast to the generally accepted Christian collection of twenty-seven books, comprised an edited version of the gospel of Luke omitting such parts as the infancy narratives, genealogy, baptism, and temptation and ten epistles of Paul not including 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus with the references to God as judge and passages dealing with punishment or the fulfillment of Jewish prophecy edited out.
Marcion was reportedly a wealthy shipowner, the son of a bishop of Sinope of PontusAsia Minor. Marcion also figures in the history of textual criticism of the New Testament, although recent scholarship has tended to see his work less as that of an independent witness and more as a testimony to one branch of the textual tradition.
He published his own list of New Testament books, making him a catalyst in speeding up the process of development of the New Testament canon by forcing the early Church to respond to his claims. In particular, he refused to re-admit those who recanted their faith under Roman persecution; see also Lapsi Christian.
Let our professional writers save your time. Marcion did not claim that the Jewish scriptures were false. His undertaking thus resolved itself into a reformation of Christendom. Salvation lies in turning away from the physical world which Gnostics regard as an illusion and embracing the godlike qualities within yourself.
Both because of his success in establishing an organization parallel to the "great" church, with its own bishops, elders, catechumens, liturgy, and canon of holy scripture, and his radical conception of God as love, Marcion is a significant figure in early Christian history.
Marcion, by contrast, held that the Heavenly Father the father of Jesus Christ of Marcionism was an utterly alien god; he had no part in making the world, nor any connection with it.
Subsequently he became the founder of the rival Marcionite Church, which, in its ecclesiastical life, liturgy, and sacraments, paralleled the Christian Church. The organization continued in the East for some centuries later, particularly outside the Byzantine Empire in areas which later would be dominated by Manichaeism.
The Church Fathers denounced Marcion, and he was excommunicated from the proto-orthodox Church. Marcion held Jesus to be the son of the Heavenly Father but understood the incarnation in a docetic manner, i.
Therefore, Marcion played a role in finalizing the structure and contents of the collection of works now called the New Testament. The organization continued in the East for some centuries later, particularly outside the Byzantine Empire in areas which later would be dominated by Manichaeism.Marcionism was an Early Christian dualist belief system that originated in the teachings of Marcion of Sinope at Rome around the year Marcion believed Jesus was the savior sent by God, and Paul the Apostle was his chief apostle, but he rejected the Hebrew Bible and the God of Israel.
Marcion facts: The Christian theologian and leader Marcion (active mid-2nd century) promulgated views that were condemned as heterodoxy. Marcion came from the Black Sea seaport town of Sinope on what is now the northern shore of Turkey. Apostle John (left) and Marcion of Sinope (right), from Morgan Library MS11th century Marcion of Sinope (; Greek: Μαρκίων Σινώπης; c.
85 – c.
) was an important leader in early Christianity. His theology rejected the deity described in the Hebrew Scriptures and in distinction affirmed the Father of Christ as the true God.
Sep 12, · In my opinion, Marcion of Sinope was among the most influential figures in the development of early Christianity. Based on reconstructions of his theology, drawn from polemical treatises against him, he was probably the first person to use a canon which had any variety, and he also seems to have been the first person to consume.
Marcion (mär´shən, mär´sēən), c–c, early Christian bishop, founder of the Marcionites, one of the first great Christian heresies to rival Catholic Christianity. He was born in Sinope.
He was born in Sinope. Marcion of Sinope was an important figure in early Christianity. His theology rejected the deity described in the Hebrew Scriptures and in distinction affirmed the Father of Christ as the true God. The Church Fathers denounced Marcion, and he was excommunicated from the proto-orthodox Church.
He published his own list of New Testament books, making him a catalyst in speeding up the process of .Download